These 3 cities are the epicenters of Nigeria’s drug crisis

Post by: Insight Oyo Admin
Date: 25 Apr 25 18

Regardless of what city you’re in, nowadays it’s nearly impossible to avoid reading, hearing or watching some bit of news with the words “drug abuse”, “drug crisis”, or more specifically, “tramadol” or “codeine” scribbled on the pages or muttered by a news host.
Nigeria’s drug crisis (see what I was saying) has gradually grown more troubling as the government and most of society struggles to deal with the circumstances that have made young Nigerians prone to experimentation and drug abuse.

You’ve probably heard the story before.

Most of Nigeria’s land border is non-existent, barely standing or bewildering in how porous the most guarded checkpoints can be if you know what to do.

ALSO READ: 5 reasons why young Nigerians are turning to illicit drugs

Drug regulation is poor. The youth are unemployed, disengaged and frustrated by a country that seems to have it in for them.

Naturally, some cities have proved more prone to the result of these factors, perhaps by way of an already present drug culture, crime or population.

Here are the 3 cities you are most likely to hear about when someone on the news mentions Nigeria and drug overdose in the same sentence.

(1) Lagos:
The city of sin, money and excellence, Lagos is usually ground zero for whatever social or cultural trends are picked up by youths across the country.

Like most of its so-called sister cities, the city’s positioning as a commercial and entertainment hub, as well as its vibrant social and night life have made a hub for drug use for decades.

ALSO READ: Tramadol user loses his grip in Lagos

Nowadays, the biggest influence in the city is a culture it has created on its own; one that combines inspirations from American pop culture with its old history and one of the largest population of young people that any city can boast of.

Drugs are often sold by vendors carry rectangular boxes like this one. (AFP)

In slums in Mushin and many of the city’s most notorious inner communities, drug use is rife. Opioids like Tramadol are heavily abused and, no thanks to an absence of regulation, it is far too easy to get drugs, either from unregistered pharmacies or traders who pack an assortment in rectangular boxes.

On the other side of Third Mainland Bridge, more exotic designer drugs are the rave. You will find them at parties, in white lines on a young girl’s palm in the club or in a needle in the arm of young professionals.

Someone once said drugs are almost legal in Lagos; one finds that it is difficult to contest with him.

(2) Kano:
Once the jewel of the North, Kano is now the centre of the codeine epidemic in the North of Nigeria.

The city is known as the cultural centre of the north, and while strong conservative values are the law, and alcohol is now sold or consumed in public, the youth are ripping paper packs and finding euphoria at the bottom of Tutolin bottles.

Drug dens are scattered all over the city.

ALSO READ: 5 key quotes from the Emir of Kano’s interview with Financial Times

Here, a cocktail of drugs is a few conversations away and large groups of young men can be seen in most of these at any given time. A key factor is the opportunity in big numbers that make Kano a favourite of locally-based illegal drug manufacturers.

Kano’s lucrative drug market is supported by large syndicates and small retailers. (Premium Times Nigeria)

Kano has nearly 20 million people by some estimates; making it the most populated state, followed closely by Lagos. More than half of this population is below 30.

As with most Nigerian cities, Tramadol is the most commonly used drug and the demand is met with a steady, obscene supply.

In February, the Nigerian drug law enforcement agency, NDLEA, found a massive tranche of tramadol, estimated to be worth 19 million naira, hidden in cartons of Indomie instant noodles in Yola, ostensibly to be distrubuted from the city to Kano. Still, variety is still much available.

Drugs like methamphetamine are not often mentioned in conversations about drug abuse in Nigeria but arrests in Kano (as well as Lagos) suggest Nigeria may have its own share of meth labs in a manner that would make Breaking Bad’s Walter White smile with pride.

In October 2017, the NDLEA arrested a 59-year old man with 25kg in ephedrine, a substance used in the manufacturing of amphetamines.

(3) Abuja:
If you know your way around a Nigerian city, odds are you can find opioid pills at a small pharmacy or more serious stuff with relative ease, but in Abuja, that’s no the problem.

In Nigeria’s capital city, the regular suppliers are a missing link, also discretion is immensely more important, so the drug culture there has evolved on terms that are all its own.

Earlier this year, a social media user shared photos he took on a walk through an Abuja neighbourhood. It showed endless ripped paper packs and empty bottles of cough syrup and empty sachets of Nigeria’s favourite opioid, Tramadol.

HIs example paints a picture of the drugs which are most popular in that part of the country and how they are consumed.

The city’s status and underlying values demand a certain sort of discretion, so you’re not likely to find a young male with a half-empty bottle of cough syrup traversing the city.

Also, due to the need to gather in shadowed places, drug use often occurs in small, close groups of friends or acquaintances.

What that photo doesn’t reflect is how the drugs get here and what people are inhaling or injecting themselves with.

In outer towns like Karu, the drugs most commonly used, marijuana and codeine, are served from local sources, farms hidden in the surrounding hills and trucks laden with illegal cargo snaking their way in from the South.

ALSO READ: Tramadol is the opioid painkiller at the heart of Nigeria’s drug problem

In the highbrow areas, however, the preferred substances are often a lot more expensive. Cocaine parties and swings have been reported in Abuja.

Other exotic substances, like ecstasy, Molly and amphetamines are supplied by dealers who wait out for deals in dark streets in the city centre.

There are suggestions that this need is met by well-connected persons who funnel the drugs in neighbouring countries, but for all the rumours, very few arrests have been made.

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